Kotlin Vs Java: Know Which Is The Best Programming Language For Android App Development In 2021
The adoption rate of Kotlin is much higher than any other programming language.
June 07, 2021
If you are a mobile app developer, Java must have been your favoured language. Ever since Android apps made an appearance into the Play Store, Java programming language has been at the heart of Android app development.
However, over the last decade, several other programming languages have challenged Java with Kotlin being the chief flag bearer. To add the much needed punch to it, Google acknowledged Kotlin as the second official language of Android app development.
Although fairly nascent, Kotlin with an array of programming features and efficient coding has grabbed plausible attention in the mobile app development framework and now Kotlin threatens to replace Java from the app development ecosystem itself.
The jump to cross-platform Kotlin development is witnessed at a time when more and more apps are pouring in. This year, enterprises like Netflix, Uber, Trello, and Airbnb have already embraced Kotlin to build their app.
But why exactly is Kotlin getting more popular as against Java and which is the best app development language? Lets find out is kotlin better than java?
Final Thoughts: Best Programming Languages
Whats the best programming language for mobile app development?
There is no right or wrong answer to what programming language you should learn or what framework you should invest in. The best programming languages for me and my mobile apps might not be the best for you and your app development scenario. All of the options listed in this guide are good and valid choices to consider. They each have pros and cons. There are even additional programming languages for mobile app development, like Python for server-side programming, and more.
You just need to find out whats best for you, your business, and your goals.
What type of application are you building? What does the application need? Where do you want to put the most effort? Do you want to develop it once or multiple times? What mobile device will the end-user be on? Are you building for multiple platforms?
What about data access control, statistically typed programming language, or interpreted programming language?
These are some of the questions that you need to ask yourself to determine where your time, effort, and resources are best served. At the end of the day, just make sure you can go to market quickly with the best possible app.
Are You Switching From Java To Kotlin
Kotlin does have a wide array of features that come in handy for any app developer, but there are a few things that need to be kept in mind before switching from Java to Kotlin.
The first thing is to make sure if the project team is comfortable switching to Kotlin and has a basic understanding of the subject. Also, it will bring in the concept of rewriting and optimizing the project, and thus, elevating the learning curve.
The decision of moving to Kotlin can be derived from its growth, which is clearly high in the below image.
If the switch is from Java, then it may be uncomplicated for the developing team, but in case of any other architecture, the complexities may increase. Therefore, the team should be ready to adopt the new language, as it can cause the creation, deletion, and merging of some artifacts and classes.
Again the mobile architecture should be expandable enough to adjust any new changes that may come along with the new language. During the transition process, the chances of damage to the products architecture remain high.
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Developing Mobile Apps For The Ios Platform
The iOS platform is a proprietary platform made by Apple. The iOS platform consists is available for phone devices and tablet devices . You can develop apps for the iOS platform, and then target the same app to both an iPhone and an iPad. While developing the app, you have to account for the real estate constraints that are available on each of the devices. iOS apps can be installed on your iPhone or iPad from the Apple app store.
For building apps for iOS, you must have an Apple developer account and the Xcode IDE on a Mac computer. You cannot effectively build and debug on a Windows machine alone. Xcode comes with all the required Apple development toolkit: SDKs, a code editor, compile/build tools, simulators, and a debugger. You will have to use either CocoaPods or Carthage as the package managers to bring in 3rd party SDKs or deliver an SDK that you write.
Apps can be built for iOS devices either by using the native iOS SDK with Objective-C and Swift or with the various cross platform technologies that are written against the SDK of that framework, but targeted for iOS.
How Can I Check The Language That An Android App Is Written In
The easiest way is to decompile an apk and you’ll see java, c++, or other languages.
However, if you are not familiar with all technologies that produce Android apps, you cannot be certain.
Export your app to the APK format and extract it with an anu Zip tool.
Then check its content.
- If you see a class and /assets folder full of HTML content, then it’s likely Phonegap or Cordova
- If touch see folders named like Appcelerator or Titanium, then it’s Titanium Appcelerator
- You can decompile APK using some online tools if you see something that looks like a normal Android native structure. When you do that you’ll be able to see if they used Java only or C++
- If you recognize Kotlin language, then it’s Kotlin. You’ll see that the code isn’t Java
Using this quick identification methods, you can get an idea of which programming language an app is written in.
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What To Consider While Choosing A Programming Language
Here are the major factors to consider when choosing a programming language for your mobile app development project:
- The Targeted Platform
The essential thing to consider is the platform on which the app will run. For example, you have two programming languages JAVA and C. If an app is written by C coding, it will run only on Windows or Linux platforms.
- The Elasticity of a Language
This is for adding new exciting features within the existing app. It may include the addition of a new set of functions or a library for adding new features. Mobile app development mainly focuses on the elasticity of a language for introducing features.
- The Time to Production
Time to production means the time it takes when coding is done and the app is ready for launch. It mainly depends on the size of the code but some languages that time to code while others are relatively fast. So, you have to factor that in too.
- The Performance
There is only so much that an application can do on any given platform. The programming language directly affects the performances. So, you have to consider the environment to get the most out of the app.
Now that you know how to choose the right programming language, lets dive into the best options for programming languages used for mobile app development:
Is Kotlin The Write Once And Run Everywhere Language
Kotlin has already proved its point of being a prevailing programming language among the developers community and the liberty it brings of experimenting with modern programming is simply remarkable.
The need to write codes is also way less than many other languages that are available in the market right now. Altogether, Kotlin has set very high standards in the app development field and has come out as an ideal programming language.
Aparna is a growth specialist with handsful knowledge in business development. She values marketing as key a driver for sales, keeping up with the latest in the Mobile App industry. Her getting things done attitude makes her a magnet for the trickiest of tasks. In free times, which are few and far between, you can catch up with her at a game of Fussball.
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Top Developer Programming Language Jobs
A mobile app development platform or MADP is a type of software that lets businesses quickly build, test, and sometimes even deploy mobile apps for smartphones or other mobile devices. These platforms and tools are important for any company or individual developers who plan to create an app of their own.
There are multiple such platforms in the market, and it does become a little challenging to pick one from the list. This is why I have brought together, for you a concise list of the top 20 mobile app development platforms and tools.
History And Market Share
Android was created by the Open Handset Alliance, which is led by Google. The early feedback on developing applications for the Android platform was mixed. Issues cited include bugs, lack of documentation, inadequate QA infrastructure, and no public issue-tracking system. In December 2007, MergeLab mobile startup founder Adam MacBeth stated, “Functionality is not there, is poorly documented or just doesn’t work… It’s clearly not ready for prime time.” Despite this, Android-targeted applications began to appear the week after the platform was announced. The first publicly available application was the Snake game.
A preview release of the Android SDK was released on November 12, 2007. On July 15, 2008, the Android Developer Challenge Team accidentally sent an email to all entrants in the Android Developer Challenge announcing that a new release of the SDK was available in a “private” download area. The email was intended for winners of the first round of the Android Developer Challenge. The revelation that Google was supplying new SDK releases to some developers and not others led to widely reported frustration within the Android developer community at the time.
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Kotlin Vs Java: Community Support
Java is two decades old and in the meanwhile, it has been able to build a robust and impressive community of developers across the globe. Then we can always lay our hands on the inscrutable of implemented Java projects.
As of date, Java has 82,713 repository results in Github. Thus the chances remain high for the queries that a developer may be searching for, which ultimately makes the development process a breeze.
If we look at the Kotlin repositories, its way less than Java and is still currently in the mid-phase. Therefore, there are not many Kotlin experts that one can find for the development process.
Mobile App Programming Languages Explained
With revenues from mobile apps projected to reach $935.2 billion by 2023, theres no better time to start your big app project. To pull it off, however, youll need to be prepared for the many inevitable mistakes that will come your way.
One of the most crucial decisions youll have to make is which app programming language to use.
Choosing the right one can help you develop and scale even the most complex apps much more quickly with less money and effort.
To help you decide, well cover the most common mobile programming languages and when you should use each.
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Chapter #: Best Programming Languages For Apps
When it comes to mobile app development, there isnt really one single best programming language, and as mentioned in the previous section, it really depends on what kind of app youre making.
Lets take a look at some of the most popular languages for app development so you can make the best choice.
Get started with React Native in this IBM Developer article, Dissecting React Native.
React Native was released in 2015 by Facebook.
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Best Programming Languages For Ios Apps
The iOS platform was created by Apple. If you develop an iOS app, it will work across Apple devices like iPhones and iPads. Apps built using an iOS programming language can be made available on the Apple App Store for users to download.
In order to build an iOS app, you need to have an Apple developer account to get started. Youll also need the Xcode IDE installed on a Mac computer .
Xcode comes with everything you need to create apps for all Apple devices. This development toolkit has a code editor, simulators, a debugger, and SDKs.
Lets take a closer look at each one of these Apple programming languages below.
Is The Language Fun To Use
Above all else, when choosing a programming language I think one of the most important factors is whether the language is fun to use.
It is no good choosing a programming language and sticking with it if it is tedious to use.
The most apt is the one you have fun with, full stop. As when learning anything, fun plays a huge role. If I find something dull and boring it is not fun and if I am not having fun learning becomes more difficult. If you find the language fun, there is more chance of what you are learning sticking in your mind. You will also want to use it more and find learning new things much easier.
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Practical Popular And Prosperous
The programming language should be practical. It should give you ample control over your project without needing too many external resources.
It should be popular. Choosing a language thats popular is important because popularity means youll have a large community behind it, a wealth of tools, frameworks, and resources to use.
Selecting a programming language thats more niche and not as widely used will likely result in you paying more for a developer that knows that language.
Objective C, for example is an old and outdated language for iOS. Its also fairly hard to learn and use, and its only a matter of time before it goes completely extinct.
And finally, the language you choose should be prosperous. It shouldnt just be the language of the hour, but rather one thats foreseen to be used many years down the road.
Choosing The Right Programming Language
Just because a language was right for me it does not necessarily mean my choice is right for you. So how do you choose a language?
I can testify that learning a programming language and coding is complicated. There is no getting away from this fact. Choosing the most suitable language will depend on the type of Android application you are developing.
For instance, if I were developing an Android app that was a 3D adventure or first-person shooting game, Unity and C# would be my choice of programming language.
If I was developing a very simple app that relied upon the accelerometer or the camera of the tablet or phone, I might go with PhoneGap. It all hinges on the type of app.
Before choosing the right programming language, I took a look at all the popular choices. They are:
- Java The most popular choice for developing Android apps, plus it has the support of Android Studio
- Kotlin Similar to Java but easier to use
If you are new to coding and programming language, you might be scratching your head and furrowing your brow at the above names. Yes, they are all names for coding language used for developing Android apps. I was amazed at the choices out there.
Now I am not saying that you have to learn them all inside out before choosing which language to use. What I am saying is that you need to check them out briefly before going ahead and making your choice.
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Best Programming Language For Android Games Online
Ad customer service ramah yang siap membantu anda 24/7 sampai tuntas. With several programming languages for android app development available to software programmers, picking an ideal one for a job can be quite tricky as we are living in an undeniably portable first world.android has the most gadgets, however, ios has an increasingly rewarding business sector. Best programming language for android games.
Best Programming Language For Android Games, This language offers you no limit to your creativity as you can use it to develop any type of game of any architecture. Youre question is similar to this one already containing answers: Java is contemplated to be the best language for android development. Get your free tools and play to earn now!
Best known for android app development such as android games, websites, and more. Ad customer service ramah yang siap membantu anda 24/7 sampai tuntas. However i think it depends on the complexity of your game. If you want a particularly easy and welcoming introduction to android app development, though, then i.
Best Programming Languages For Android App Development
Android apps, as we know, play a vital role in our day-to-day life. Nowadays, most services have turned out to be online and have android applications for their users. When it sees your emails, listening to music, texting someone, or even ordering food or other stuff, everything is possible due to applications. In this article, we will talk about some of the best programming languages for android app development.
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