All About Android App Automation Testing Tools
About 80% of the smartphones in the market run on Android while the remaining work on iOS. Ever since its launch in 2009, Android has increased its market share from 3.9% to 80%. It is a clear indicator of how Android has taken over the smartphone industry. But what makes Android a favorite among the user and developer community? To start with, Android is an open-source system making it easily accessible, customization and development friendly. Since Android has a large user base, it caters to multiple audiences owning smartphones of different budgets and functionalities. Lastly, with an open-source community and contribution forum, learning app development on the Android platform is easy. So, developers have adopted Android more easily. Simultaneously, developers and testers have adopted tools and techniques to test Android apps.
Maintenance Methodology For Test Automation
The Test Automation Maintenance Approach is a step of automation testing thatis used to see whether the new features introduced to the program are operatingproperly. When new automation scripts are introduced, they must be evaluatedand maintained in order to enhance the efficacy of automation scripts with eachrelease cycle.
Notable Features Of Appium
- Extremely flexible: Appiums aim, as they quote, is to test any mobile application in any programming language and any test framework with full access to the back-end APIs.
- Enhances code reusability: Appium is a cross-platform automation framework which means the same API can be used to run tests on multiple platforms/operating systems. Hence, it enhances code reusability.
- Eliminates recompilation: A tester must not recompile the mobile application every time they run the automation tests.
Recommended Reading: Virus Protection For Android Phone
Automation Tools For Android Applications
Automating Android app testing starts by having the right automation tool in place. To do this right, your team must first know what to consider when choosing a test automation tool
Once your team is committed to including Android automation testing within your QA strategy, we recommend considering these Android testing tools for your Android testing framework.
Select A Testing Tool
Different tools are available for various development platforms and technologies, so there are several factors to consider when choosing an automated testing tool. Here are a few examples:
- What language is the software written in, and what operating system will it operate on?
- What are the testing requirements?
- How will the testing scripts be written?
- Will the team use open-source or paid testing tools?
- What existing infrastructure is already in place?
Many professionals recommend an automation proof of concept in choosing the right tool. This is a process used to verify to the team that the right tool has been chosen.
The choices made at this stage are often determined by the skill and experience of the quality assurance and testing team.
Recommended Reading: How To Access Podcasts On Android
Features Of Telerik Test Studio
Below are some essential features of Telerik test studio:
- Telerik test studio allows us to deliver quality products on time.
- This tool supports all types of applications, such as desktop, web, and mobile.
- It supports multiple browsers like Firefox, Safari, Google Chrome, and Internet Explorer for the test execution process.
- With the help of this tool, we can do the sentence based UI validation.
For more information about Telerik test studio, refer to the below link:
Notable Features Of Serenity
- Reporting: As I mentioned in the introduction, Serenity has always been known for its in-depth reports.
- Acts as a wrapper: Serenity leverages existing frameworks capabilities to make testing easier than ever. It comes with built-in support for web testing in Selenium.
- RestAssured support: RestAssured support for REST API testing and Screenplay pattern supports for writing maintainable tests.
- Parallel execution: Serenity comes with support for parallel testing.
- Integrations: Serenity comes with a lot of in-built integrations.
Recommended Reading: How To Switch Facebook Accounts On Android
The Most Popular Mobile Automation Testing Tools
Testing your app before sending it to production is crucial. In this article, we’re comparing the ten most popular testing tools to help you decide which one works best for your mobile project.
The proliferation of mobile apps year after year makes the mobile app market fiercely competitive. Maintaining a quality app is the key to getting and keeping mobile app users interested in your app with so many available options. For this reason, testing your app before sending it to production is crucial.
Manually testing your app alone isn’t ideal for the quality assurance process because it’s inefficient and difficult to scale. Automated testing eliminates this delay and cuts down on human errors that may arise from manual testing. However, there are a plethora of automation testing tools out there, and choosing the right one for your team can be challenging.
If you’re looking for a new automation testing tool or just getting started with test automation for your mobile app, we’ve compiled 10 of the most popular tools based on their unique features, usage in the community, and notable reviews from users on G2. We’ll also explain what these tools are, their price, benefits, and limitations. All of these will guide you in making the right decision about the mobile automation testing tool you should pick.
Try Test Automation Tools Today
- Unit testing.
Test automation is a perfect solution for common, repetitive, and high-volume testing. Coordinating and managing testing are now becoming much easier with Perfecto. You can track and share testing results from a single, centralized location.
This gives you more thorough test coverage, because more testing can be accomplished. While there is definitely manual work still involved in testing, using Perfecto improves the accuracy and coverage of testing for teams competing in an increasingly fast-paced software market.
To learn more about how Perfecto can simplify and improve all types of testing at every stage of the development cycle, start your free trial today.
Recommended Reading: Paid Spy Apps For Android
Further Reading On Smashingmag:
Meet Smashing Online Workshops on front-end & UX, with practical takeaways, live sessions, video recordings and a friendly Q& A. On design systems, UX, web performance and CSS/JS. With Brad Frost, Stephanie Troeth and so many others.
Prepare The Test Environment
Establishing a base state for the test environment is the first step. This typically involves creating realistic test data and setting up one or more environments. During testing, data will be manipulated and/or the system will be put into a specific state. Afterward, there has to be a base state the system can return to.
If we go back to the example before with that getTimeOfTheDay function, we said that the code that we wrote will only work if we run our test suite between the hours [12,18).
To fully comply with this first step that we defined, then we need to prepare our environment and configure our test not to take into consideration the real date, but rather we should be able to set a custom date that we want. Only in this way we can say that we fully automated that test.
As a quick best practice tip, tests should be done in all corner cases. Therefore, in our situation, we should test the function for hours 0, 5:59, 6:00, 11:59, 12:00, 16:59, 17:00 and 23:59
The refactored test script to match these requirements would be the following:
Don’t Miss: Mixing And Mastering App For Android
Not All Test Automation Tools Are Equal
It is important to note that not all automated testing software is created equal. The above process outlines the best practices and best-case scenarios for test automation.
However, some automation software vendors do not offer test reporting features. Other solutions dont have robust test script creation tools. When selecting your test automation solution, be clear about the essential features required for optimal test automation. Otherwise, you could put yourself at risk for a number of testing challenges.
Furthermore, some apps are more complicated to test than others. Mobile apps can be more or less complicated than web applications. Industries like healthcare and automotive often have specific and regulated requirements, which creates complicated test conditions.
For success, the automation solution must match both the application and industry.
And lastly, the team experience must be taken into consideration when choosing an automation tool. If your team doesnt have that much code experience, then a codeless solution would be better and more profitable rather than choosing to put things on hold and do some trainings for your team.
Perfecto’s test automation solution does all of that.
Install Android Studio & Android Sdks
Well need the Android SDKs next to write and run tests on Android apps and devices. The quickest way to get these installed is via Android Studio.
Download and install Android Studio from
Launch Android Studio and complete the setup process until you reach the welcome page.
From the bottom, select Configure > SDK Manager > Android SDK.
For the tab SDK Platforms, select the Android SDK Platform versions that you intent to run tests against.
For the tab SDK Tools and ensure the following are selected
- Android SDK Build-tools
- Android SDK Platform-Tools
- Google Repository
Now copy the value of the Android SDK Location at the top of the SDK Manager screen. This is the value that well need to set for ANDROID_HOME in our .bash_profile.
Once again, Type the following into terminal:
Press the i key to enter insert mode then move the cursor a new line and add the following 2 lines
export ANDROID_HOME=export PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_HOME/tools:$ANDROID_HOME/platform-tools
Press the esc key and then type :wq and press enter to save and quit vim.
Restart terminal to pickup the new .bash_profile then run the following command to check that it does not throw an error:
Recommended Reading: Amazon Flex App On Android
Android App Testing Test Performance To Ensure A Great User Experience
Conduct online Android app testing under your customers usage scenarios to catch performance issues before deployment. Test under different network conditions such as user geographical location, server location, and network type. Monitor your apps effect on device vitals . Test your app under load to check its behavior while its being used by hundreds and even thousands of users simultaneously. Verify that no real-life surprises impact your application rating.
Traditional Methods Of Testing And The Shift To Automation
The traditional approach to app testing includes a manual check for various test cases. Manual testing should be typically done by developers at the time of development so that they can find bugs and fix them early. Despite being an essential step for Android testing, manual testing has challenges of its own. Inclusion of human factor decreases accuracy, takes time and leads to higher labor costs. Unlike manual testing, automation testing makes use of an automation tool to enter different test cases and to record results. Further comparison of the expected and obtained results are used to generate reports. Over multiple development cycles, the test case gets automated, leading to no human intervention. Android automation testing also enables scaling of the test coverage.
Read Also: Share Photos Iphone To Android
Best Mobile Testing Tools To Automate Testing In 2021
Mobile testing tools to increase coverage, efficiency, and accuracy of your Android and iOS mobile testing
This article will help you quickly compare and evaluate the 10 best mobile testing tools, including mobile automation testing tools and other similar automation frameworks.
Anyone who builds or QAs apps knows that mobile apps testing is a vital part of app development. In fact, mobile testing is becoming more and more important as more brands want a slice of the mobile user audience, more mobile devices and versions are hitting the marketplace, and more companies are developing mobile products.
As more companies are developing mobile products, such as mobile website builders, and the marketplace is seeing more devices, platforms, and versions, testing your mobile apps is vital. When it comes choosing what mobile testing tool is right for you, there is a huge array of options, each with different strengths and weaknesses.
What Is A Ui Testing Framework
UI testing is the process of testing any visual elements of the apps that the users interact with. A UI testing framework is a tool that lets us check if our apps UI performs uniformly across a wide range of devices. The main aspects that are tested in this process are the visual design, functionality, usability, and performance.
Using an automated UI testing framework, testers perform a series of operations for validating these aspects. These frameworks also ensure a bug-free UI. Besides, the major benefit of using an automated testing framework is to eliminate any errors that the human eye may miss.
It is a known fact that fixing these errors at later stages is expensive. Automation testing also allows us to reliably run and reuse our tests.
Before we proceed, we recommend taking a look at this blogpost where weve written all about how to perform a mobile automation test of UI. Now, here are the four UI frameworks for Android automation testing.
Start automating your android UI tests the easy way
You May Like: Ria Money Transfer App For Android
Running A Set Of Test Cases As A Test Suite
Test cases should be as modular and granular as possible. Ideally each test case will test only test a specific individual function. So that when you run the test suite, you can view the report and identify which functions exactly have broken.
In the last part of this tutorial, were going to show you how to create a test suite to run all your test cases together.
Lets add a second test function to
Next, in the Project Explorer, right click the project and click New > File. Create a file called testsuite.xml. Edit testsuite.xml and paste in the following contents.
< ?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> < !DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM ""> < suite name="Automation Suite" verbose="1"> < test name="All Testcases">
Which Test Cases To Automate
Test cases to be automated can be selected using the following criterion to increase the automation ROI
- High Risk Business Critical test cases
- Test cases that are repeatedly executed
- Test Cases that are very tedious or difficult to perform manually
- Test Cases which are time-consuming
The following category of test cases are not suitable for automation:
- Test Cases that are newly designed and not executed manually at least once
- Test Cases for which the requirements are frequently changing
- Test cases which are executed on an ad-hoc basis.
You May Like: Tv News Apps For Android
Which Test Automation Framework To Use
Although the choices are somewhat sparse, there should be at least one framework on this list to meet your Android UI testing needs.
If you find yourself working on an Android native app and do not plan to create an equivalent in iOS, use Espresso/UIAutomator2 for your test scripts. Thanks to their focus on Android, Espresso combined with UIAutomator2 offer speed, stability, and easy setup that larger frameworks like Appium do not. Espresso only supports Java and Kotlin, so if you want non-engineering team members to contribute to Android tests, they will need to learn one of these two languages.
Should your app be destined for use on both Android and iOS, Appium is the better choice. You can use one set of test scripts to vet your app on both operating systems. Appium also allows test writers to create scripts using a number of programming languages, which means that even those without Android programming experience can be involved in test creation.
Detox is an up-and-coming framework but does not currently have a community as large as Espressoâs or Appiumâs. It can be more difficult to get Detox-specific questions answered because there are fewer users who know the framework inside out. However, the framework is being actively developed and is likely to add more community members and features in the future. Itâs worth having Detox on your radar.
# Android Automated Ui Test Types
We have two types of Android automated UI tests. UI tests for a single app verify that the target app behaves as expected when a user performs a specific action or stops an activity. It allows you to check that the target app returned the correct UI output and response to user interactions in the app’s activities. UI testing frameworks like Espresso allow you to programmatically simulate user actions and to test complex, intra-app user interactions.
The second type is UI tests for multiple apps. This type of test verifies the correct behavior of interactions between different user apps or between user apps and system apps. For example, you might want to test that your camera app shares images correctly with a third party social media application or with a default Android photo application. UI testing frameworks that support adjacent app interactions such as UI Automator allow you to test such scenarios. Espresso supports writing test scripts in Java and Kotlin.
You May Like: Best Casino App For Android